PYP challenges us to teach and learn through a conceptual lens every day.
One of the five essential elements of the PYP curriculum is conceptual understanding. Rather than focusing on learning and remembering a range of content knowledge, we aim to use the knowledge we choose to cover as a vehicle for developing understanding of concepts.
In the PYP curriculum framework, we have eight key concepts, along with an open-ended question for each, to promote focus and deeper thinking about the enduring understandings that we hope will develop from the study of each unit.
Form: What is it like?
Function: How does it work?
Causation: Why is it the way it is?
Change: How is it changing?
Connection: How is it connected to other things?
Perspective: What are the points of view?
Responsibility: what is our responsibility?
Reflection: How do we know?
It is imperative for students to have a deeper understanding about each key concept so that they can apply them to an everyday object or situation. Students can use the PYP concepts to deepen their inquiries through the generation of a wider range of questions. It helps them to narrow the focus of the inquiry into an area of interest that they are really passionate about, care about, and that is worthwhile spending time on.
They learnt and understood the meaning of it through range of learning engagements:
Firstly, Students read the description of all key concepts thoroughly, drew a tree and mapped it with the key concepts. They were able to make relevant connections, for eg: Form- Parts of Trees, Function: Process of photosynthesis, etc.
Further, to deepen their understanding, they were given set of questions to connect it with the key concept. Students were perplexed and focused more on metacognition skills to sort the questions based on the key concepts.
Here are some glimpses that give an insight of the Key concept sessions.